The Basics of Blackjack


Blackjack is one of the most popular card games in casinos. It is a game that combines skill with luck and can be played with up to six players. It uses a single or multiple decks of cards, with face cards (Kings, Queens and Jacks) worth 10 and cards from two to 10 valued at their ‘pip value’. The goal of the game is to accumulate a hand total that exceeds the dealer’s and not go over 21 when the dealer does.

The Game

A player and dealer receive two cards each and the player’s hand is considered “hit” if it contains an Ace or a Face card. If the player’s hand contains a King or Queen, it is called a “Blackjack” and the player wins.

When the dealer’s card is an Ace, he or she can pay up to half of the player’s original bet as a side bet known as insurance. This is a good bet when the dealer’s hole card is an Ace, but not so good when it is a Face or 10 card.

Basic Strategy

Using a basic strategy to play blackjack can help you increase your chances of winning. This is because the basic strategy tells you how to play each hand. This means you will be able to make more informed decisions and avoid making costly mistakes.

The Rules and Odds of the Game

The odds in blackjack are based on several factors, including the number of decks in play and the specific rules of the casino. However, there are a few key principles to keep in mind to help you make the best decisions for your next play.

Know Your Cards

The most important cards in blackjack are the aces and the face cards. Aces are worth 1 or 11, and face cards are worth 10. Having an ace can give you a better chance of hitting than having a face card, so always make sure to take a closer look at the ace.

Splitting and Hitting

In blackjack, if you have an Ace and a face card, it is advisable to split the hand. This will allow you to have a pair of cards and it will also improve your chances of winning.

Double Down

In some blackjack games, you can double your bet if you have an Ace and a Face card. This is a good way to increase your chances of winning and it can also help you win more money in the long run.


In many blackjack games, you can surrender if you do not have a hand that is higher than the dealer’s. This can be an excellent way to win more money without having to risk too much of your own money.


The dealer can ask for a side bet called insurance before the first player plays their hand. This is a good bet when there are high chances of the dealer’s hand being a Blackjack.